Why Is Military Recruitment Low?
Military recruitment is the lowest it's been in years, due in part to the pandemic creating a lack of opportunities to recruit in schools.
A "war for talent" is how the Army is describing its plummeting recruitment numbers.
The military targets teenagers and young adults, but get this: most of them aren't qualified to serve.
Army Chief of Staff General James McConville told the Heritage Foundation, "we're starting to see more Americans qualified to come in."
The crisis is hitting a boiling point.
Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Bryan Ewing knows that military recruitment is at a critical point.
"We are at a critical shortage, the highest shortage we've had since 1999. Unfortunately every branch is experiencing it," said Ewing.
And they're throwing everything at the wall to see what sticks.
"You can go see Germany, you can go see Japan, Alaska," said Ewing.
But not even the promises of signing bonuses and boundless opportunities to see the world are convincing enough people to join the Air Force.
Across the board, the military is facing new troop deficits in the thousands, with potentially massive consequences.
"It's definitely vital to national security, that we properly address the shortage that we have," said Ewing.
The military must recruit 184,000 people every year if it wants to replace people who leave the service, according to the Labor Department.
The Department of Defense told Newsy that while the Marines and Coast Guard have already met their recruiting goals this year, other branches are still struggling.
As of April, the Army was just over two-thirds of the way to their goal.
Senior Army officials told Congress in July, they believe they'll fall short of their 2022 goal by as many as 10,000 troops and could miss their 2023 goal by 28,000 recruits.
The navy was 92% of the way there.
Major General Ed Thomas, the commander of the Air Force recruiting service, tells us "the Air Force is about 80% towards its recruiting goal and expects to hit target with a caveat."
The aggressive labor market is also adding challenges with more open jobs than people to fill them.
That means the military is competing for the same talent as businesses in the private sector.
Pandemic lockdowns also cut off access to high schools and public events – the military's bread and-butter for recruitment.
"Our recruiters suffered the most when schools locked down because they couldn't get in schools. And so it was a challenge for them to get to the young people just to give them the information we need them to have," said Ewing.
But there's a worsening problem that could impact the military years down the road.
"Longer term challenges: declining eligibility for the military today. Those numbers have dropped by about almost 6% over the last 2 to 3 years," Thomas said.
The Pentagon reports less than a quarter of 17-24 year olds meet enlistment requirements for a number of reasons, with many unable to join without a waiver.
"Whether that's due to obesity or criminal charges, drugs are becoming way more prevalent than they used to be," said Ewing.
Another factor is that the DOD has restrictions in place for anyone with prior treatment for ADHD.
Officials also warned that the pandemic's remote schooling may have lowered overall aptitude and fitness levels.
The Army recently launched a Pilot Boot Camp Program to help potential recruits meet academic and fitness eligibility requirements.
Then, there are the cash bonuses.
"So if they're going to be a cyber expert, for instance, there may be a $20,000 bonus involved in signing on and coming into the Air Force. If they're going to be a special warfare operator, it's up to $50,000," said Thomas.
The military is offering $35,000 in bonuses for certain recruits who can leave for basic training within 30 days of signing up.
Certain tracks are also offering free college and medical coverage.
"It's absolutely to get more folks in our force. We need to grow from the bottom up. We have a lot of senior folks in the Army right now. But we are looking to bring in our replacements ultimately," said Ewing.
Despite the added perks, the military acknowledges interest among young adults is waning.
In an Internal Defense Department survey of 16 to 21 year olds, only 9% reported they would sign up for the military.
That's the lowest number since 2007.
A majority of them feared they would experience emotional or psychological problems after serving.
Major General Thomas believes there is a lack of understanding of what military life is like.
"The American military is one of the best places where people can come in, be accepted as a team, be taken care of as a team, and be able to to thrive physically, spiritually, emotionally, intellectually," said Thomas.
There's also a trust gap.
One survey found last year, just 45% of Americans had a "great deal of trust and confidence" in the military.
That's down 25 points since 2018.
Major General Thomas recognizes these pitfalls, but he says the military is trying to build confidence by building a better understanding of what value troops bring to the nation.
"Perception is reality for people. And those are the kinds of things that we have to be able to overcome," said Thomas.
The military is even leaning on Hollywood for a boost, with the Navy and Air Force relying on the summer blockbuster "Top Gun: Maverick" to attract recruits.
The Army's recruitment commander told Newsy they're also searching within the video gaming community for people who might translate those skills into technology jobs.
Because without troops to fill those seats, leaders worry there could be ripple effects long into the future.
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